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How to Start Learning Angular2?

This page corresponds to a Meetup and a git-repo: The purpose of the Meetup is to help you start learning Angular2.

The git-repo is a teaching aid for the Meetup but should be good enough to point you down the path of learning Angular2.

We start the class by assuming you have Ubuntu installed on your laptop.

If you want to try doing this class with MacOS/X instead of Ubuntu, that should be do-able.

I start by installing Ubuntu 14.04 on my laptop.

The most recent version of Ubuntu which I like is at this URL:

The three general paths to install Ubuntu on a laptop are listed below:
  • Remove Windows and install Ubuntu
  • Ignore Windows and install Ubuntu on USB drive
  • Install VirtualBox on Mac or Windows, Install Ubuntu inside VirtualBox
My favorite path is path2: Ignore Windows and install Ubuntu on USB drive.

Path2 works well with a new laptop should I want to maintain the warranty.

If you are new to the world of Ubuntu laptops I suggest you buy a cheap windows laptop from Walmart and run some experiments.

E-me if you need help:

When I install Ubuntu, it will ask who I am.

I tell Ubuntu that my name is ann.

Then, Ubuntu will create an account named ann which has useful privileges.

If you use a different initial account, you should create an account named ann after you boot the laptop.

The shell commands to create the ann account are listed below:
sudo useradd -m -s /bin/bash ann
sudo passwd ann
The first command creates ann.
The second command gives her a password.

After I create the ann account, I enhance and update Ubuntu.

The shell commands to do this are listed below:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade

sudo apt-get install autoconf bison build-essential libssl-dev libyaml-dev \
libreadline6-dev zlib1g-dev libncurses5-dev libffi-dev libgdbm3       \
libgdbm-dev libsqlite3-dev gitk postgresql postgresql-server-dev-all  \
libpq-dev emacs wget curl chromium-browser openssh-server aptitude    \
ruby ruby-dev sqlite3

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
After that I login as ann and I download Node.js.
cd ~
Then I install it:
cd ~
rm -rf  node
tar zxf node-v5.5.0-linux-x64.tar.gz
mv      node-v5.5.0-linux-x64 node
So, I did that on my laptop. Then I did this:
cd ~ann
git clone
cd  ang2tut201602
npm install
npm start
The console indicated that lite-server was serving at two URLs:



The first URL corresponded to my Angular2 app.

The second URL corresponded to an admin-UI for lite-server.

I saw this:

ann@nia111:~/ang2tut201602 $ 
ann@nia111:~/ang2tut201602 $ npm start

> angular2-quickstart@1.0.0 start /home/ann/ang2tut201602
> concurrent "npm run tsc:w" "npm run lite" 

[1] > angular2-quickstart@1.0.0 lite /home/ann/ang2tut201602
[1] > lite-server
[0] > angular2-quickstart@1.0.0 tsc:w /home/ann/ang2tut201602
[0] > tsc -w
[1] [BS] Access URLs:
[1]  ----------------------------------
[1]        Local: http://localhost:3000
[1]     External:
[1]  ----------------------------------
[1]           UI: http://localhost:3001
[1]  UI External:
[1]  ----------------------------------
[1] [BS] Serving files from: ./
[1] [BS] Watching files...
[0] 11:35:50 AM - Compilation complete. Watching for file changes.
[1] [BS] File changed: app/app.component.js
[1] [BS] File changed: app/boot.js
[1] 16.01.29 11:35:50 304 GET /./index.html (Unknown - 32ms)
[1] 16.01.29 11:35:51 404 GET /favicon.ico (Unknown - 234ms)
[1] 16.01.29 11:35:51 304 GET /node_modules/angular2/bundles/ (Unknown - 19ms)
[1] 16.01.29 11:35:51 304 GET /node_modules/es6-shim/es6-shim.min.js (Unknown - 18ms)
[1] 16.01.29 11:35:51 304 GET /node_modules/systemjs/dist/system-polyfills.js (Unknown - 19ms)
[1] 16.01.29 11:35:51 304 GET /node_modules/angular2/bundles/angular2-polyfills.js (Unknown - 19ms)
[1] 16.01.29 11:35:51 304 GET /node_modules/systemjs/dist/system.src.js (Unknown - 18ms)
[1] 16.01.29 11:35:51 304 GET /node_modules/rxjs/bundles/Rx.js (Unknown - 18ms)
[1] 16.01.29 11:35:52 200 GET /app/boot.js (Unknown - 89ms)
[1] 16.01.29 11:35:53 200 GET /app/app.component.js (Unknown - 330ms)
Also it brought up a browser and displayed the h1-element I had typed into app/app.component.ts.

And I noticed that it created some new files in my git repo:
The way I got started with Angular2 development is to memorize a set of words which I see in an Angular2 Quickstart Tutorial:

This is a boring way to learn development but I need to know how to describe the internals of my Angular2 apps when I work with other people.

Also I notice that much of the jargon associated with Angular2 has an intangible feel to it.

When I read the Quickstart Tutorial it reminds me of reading about J2EE development.

My mind does well with words like function, variable, integer, and for-loop.

When I see a word like, 'noImplicitAny', I sense that I should know what it is and how to use it.

If I just start writing code from a tutorial, I might not learn that.

If I am learning something like D3.js, I sense that will learn all I need to know just by writing code.

With Angular2, I see so many intangible nouns floating around the Quickstart that I think that some old-fashioned rote-memorization might be useful for getting my mind connected to Angular2.

This is similar to learning a foreign language like French.

I need to start by memorizing some words.

For Angualar2, the words I want to memorize are listed below in alphabetical order:
  • at-sign
  • Apache Cordova
  • CSS selector
  • ES5
  • ES6
  • NativeScript
  • RxJS
  • System
  • System.config
  • System.import
  • SystemJS
  • angular2/core
  • angular2/platform/browser
  • app
  • boot.ts
  • bootstrap
  • class
  • companion template
  • component
  • component metadata
  • concurrent
  • configuration object
  • decorator
  • dependencies
  • devDependencies
  • export
  • file
  • import
  • index.html
  • internet explorer polyfills
  • lite-server
  • module
  • my-app
  • noImplicitAny
  • node_modules
  • npm
  • npm install
  • npm package
  • npm package manager
  • package.json
  • platform-specific
  • plunker
  • pre-compilation
  • project folder
  • promise
  • reactive extensions
  • root component
  • routing
  • scripts section
  • selector
  • Separation of concerns
  • system.src.js
  • template
  • template property
  • transpile
  • tsconfig.json
  • typescript
  • typescript compiler
  • view
  • view template
  • webpack
My memorization strategy is simple.

First I form questions from the word.

Next, I will try building sentences from the word; maybe they would answer the questions.

Then, I build some code snippets which are related to the word.

For example the first word is:


I thought up four questions related to at-sign:
  • Can I ignore at-sign or should I know about it?
  • Where in the tutorial is at-sign?
  • What should I call the at-sign?
  • Why should I use the at-sign?
Next, I thought up some sentences related to at-sign:
  • I see the at-sign in the tutorial when they describe how to write app.component.ts.
  • The at-sign looks important; I should know about it.
  • I should remember the at-sign as, "Some TypeScript syntax which helps me apply a function to a class as a decorator."
  • This syntax is discussed at this URL:
  • I use the at-sign to help me tell Angular that a class is an 'Angular Component'.
  • The at-sign can be placed in front of a function named 'Component' which has been imported from angular2/core.
  • Once I do that, I can call
    with some metadata as a parameter to create an 'Angular Component'.
  • This metadata is a simple JS-object which contains a CSS-selector and a thing called a template which I see as some HTML-syntax.
Here is a code snippet related to the at-sign:

import {Component} from 'angular2/core';
    selector: 'my-app',
    template: '<h1>My First Angular 2 App</h1>'
So, I just demostrated how I rote-memorize the idea behind the Angular2 at-sign:
  • 4 Questions
  • Some sentences
  • A code snippet
In the list above I see 77 words I want to memorize.

It would take me a long time to memorize them using my Question-Sentence-Snippet technique.

But those memorized ideas should become useful as I start writing more Angular2 code.

Class Activities (Things to try during Meetup)

  • git clone
  • Install Node.js
  • Run ang2tut201602 on your laptop
  • Run ang2tut201602 on heroku:
  • Add CSS, HTML, Javascript to the app and see if it gets served

Write some questions about these words:

  • Apache Cordova
  • CSS selector
  • ES5
  • ES6
  • NativeScript
  • RxJS
  • System
  • System.config
  • System.import
  • SystemJS

Write some sentences (or questions!) about these questions:

  • What is angular2/core ?
  • In the quickstart, where does angular2/core appear?
  • What does google of angular2/core get me?
  • Is this a browser: angular2/platform/browser ?
  • What is: angular2/platform ?
  • In the quickstart, where does 'app' appear?
  • Why does boot.ts have ts on the end?
  • In Angular2 is bootstrap the same as twitter boostrap?
  • In Angular2 what is a class?
  • In the quickstart, where does 'class' appear?
  • In Angular2 is a class an object which contains properties and methods?
That should be enough material for a two hour Meetup.

If you have questions, e-me: Let the syntax do the talking
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